Fresh eyes will allow you to find things you may not otherwise have observed.
Here are a few plain things to consider when proofreading and editing:
The Purdue OWL website has a lot more detail regarding the proofreading process.
Students custom writings regularly underestimate the right time it will take to create an essay, in particular the look and researching stages.
Before you begin your essay, take a good look at the Massey University assignment planning calculator.
You may be surprised how long the entire process takes!
As you can plainly see through the assignment planning calculator, if you only start your essay a couple of days before the due date, you will have to do things too rapidly.
|You need time to mix most of the ingredients properly, or even the final result won’t be what you want to fairly share with other people! if you think of the essay/cake analogy,
To write a 1000 word essay, ideally you need to allow yourself about 3 weeks.
Let’s take a look at how an essay time management ‘cake’ might be split into slices:
You can see that the part that is biggest of energy is spent on the planning/research elements and redrafting/editing/proofreading elements, which together should comprise around 60% of your time.
Have a look at another model to see what additionally you want to consider:
Here is the final type of the chocolate essay. You may download it as a document that is pdf.
Since Spanish explorers cut back chocolate through the new world, chocolate consumption is actually a phenomenon that is worldwide. In the beginning, chocolate, a derivative of the cacao bean, was consumed as a drink, only later achieving mass popularity in tablet or bar form. However, chocolate’s popularity that is inherent not equate to it possessing healthy properties, as suggested by the title. The realities of chocolate are more down to earth; a true number among these realities may be addressed in this essay. Chocolate has chemical properties that will influence mood and there’s evidence that is possible some positive impacts of chocolate on cardiovascular health. Yet, such attributes that are positive counterbalanced somewhat by the argument that, in certain instances, chocolate can be viewed as a drug as opposed to a food. Moreover, you have the chance for some correlation between over-consumption of chocolate and obesity. Thus, it’s going to be argued that despite chocolate’s positive effect in some cases on mood in addition to cardiovascular system it has also been connected to addiction and obesity.
Consumption of chocolate is one thing that many enjoy, and there is evidence (Parker, Parker, & Brotchie, 2006) that high carbohydrate foods such as chocolate do have a ‘feel good’ effect. Moreover, Scholey and Owen (2013) in a systematic post on the literature in the field point to several studies, such as Macht and Dettmer (2006) and Macht and Mueller (2007), which appear to confirm this effect. Yet, as Parker, Parker and Brotchie (2006, p. 150) note, the feeling results of chocolate « are as ephemeral as holding a chocolate in one’s mouth ». In addition, mood is one thing that is tough to isolate and quantify, and besides the study by Macht and Dettmer (2006) there is apparently research that is little any longer term mood affecting influences of chocolate. Another point is raised by Macht and Dettmer (2006), whose study unearthed that positive responses to chocolate correlated more with anticipation and temporary sensory pleasure, whereas guilt has also been a statistically significant factor for all, for whom the ‘feel-good’ effect could be minimalised. The‘feel good’ effect and more negative emotions as these authors stress, “temporal tracking of both positive and negative emotions” (p.335) before and after consuming chocolate in future studies could help in further understanding.
Another possible influence that is positive of is upon cardiovascular health. Chocolate, processed accordingly, could be a provider of significant levels of heart-friendly flavanols (Hannum, Schmitz, & Keen, 2002) that really help in delaying blood clotting and inflammation that is reducingSchramm et al., 2001). Such attributes of flavanols in chocolate must be considered in the context of chocolate’s other components – approximately 30% fat, 61% carbohydrate, 6% protein and 3% liquid and minerals (Hannum, Schmitz, & Keen, 2002). The answer to maximising the advantages of flavanols in chocolate generally seems to lie within the known level of fats present. Cocoa, that is simply chocolate minus the fat, is considered the most obvious candidate for maximising heart health, but as Hannum, Schmitz and Keen (2002) note, cocoa products that are most are made through an alkali process which destroys many flavanols. Optimal maximisation of the flavanols involves such compounds being contained in cocoa and chocolate products at levels where they truly are biologically active (Ariefdjohan & Savaiano, 2005).
The biological makeup of chocolate can be relevant in determining whether chocolate is much better viewed as a food or a drug, nevertheless the boundaries between indulgence and behaviour that is addictive unclear. Chocolate contains some biologically active elements including methylxanthines, and cannabinoid-like fatty that is unsaturated (Bruinsma & Taren, 1999) that could represent a neurochemical dependency potential for chocolate, yet are present in exceedingly a small amount. Interestingly, and linked to chocolate and mood, Macdiarmid and Hetherington (1995) claim their study found that “self-identified chocolate ‘addicts’” reported a correlation that is negative chocolate consumption and mood. This can be perhaps indicative of addictive or compulsive type behaviour. However, as Bruinsma and Taren (1999) note, eating chocolate can represent a sensory reward based, luxurious indulgence, based around texture, aroma and flavour anticipation, in place of a neurochemically induced craving. Yet, it’s been argued that chocolate is sometimes used as a type of self-medication, particularly in relation to magnesium deficiency. A study by Pennington (2000 in Steinberg, Bearden, & Keen 2003) noted that ladies try not to generally meet US guidelines for trace elements, including magnesium. This correlates with earlier studies by Abraham and Lubran (1981), who found a correlation that is high magnesium deficiency and nervous tension in women. Thus, tension-related chocolate cravings might be a biological entity fuelled by magnesium deficiency. Overall, however, it would appear that the proportion of men and women using chocolate as a drug in the place of a food based sensory indulgence is small, though further research might prove enlightening.
A point that is final consider pertaining to chocolate may be the perception that chocolate is related to obesity. An individual is defined as carrying excess fat when their Body Mass Index is greater than 30. The literature on chocolate and obesity has clearly demonstrated that there are no specific correlations between the two variables (Beckett, 2008; Lambert, 2009). This really is typified by the findings of Mellor (2013), who discovered that, over a period of eight weeks of eating 45 grams of chocolate per day, a team of adults demonstrated no weight increase that is significant. As Lambert (2009) notes, chocolate consumption alone is not expected to cause obesity, unless huge amounts of other calorie dense foods are consumed and also this calorie intake that is dense more than required for bodily function, allowing for levels of activity. The stereotypical ‘chocoholic’ seems very likely to consume a number of other sweet foods and start to become less likely to take exercise than many other people, so chocolate consumption is only one possible variable when contemplating the sources of obesity.
Obesity and chocolate consumption appears to have no proven correlations. Yet, in this article, many chocolate focused arguments have already been presented, like the transient effect of chocolate on mood and also the proven fact that it is as expected to create feelings of guilt at the time of well-being. Another possible positive dimension to chocolate is a correlation with cardiovascular health. Yet the potential advantages of flavanols in chocolate are currently offset because of the high fat/carbohydrate content of many kinds of chocolate. Whether chocolate is a food or a drug can also be unclear. The literature outlines the chemical properties of chocolate which could help explain some addictive type behaviour, especially in relation to nervous tension in females, but there is however also a powerful research concentrate on chocolate as a indulgence that is sensory-based. It may therefore be said that chocolate is certainly not a food that is healthy but could be enjoyed as an element of a healthy and balanced diet and lifestyle.
‘Integrity’ relates to ‘honesty’, and integrity that is academic writing in an honest way, in order that no one will think you are claiming that words or ideas from someone else are your very own. This will be significant in academic writing in western countries, and should you not do this you are accused of plagiarism, which will be a serious offence at university.
Plagiarism means someone that is using words, ideas or diagrams without acknowledgement.
Needless to say, when an essay is written by us we have to make reference to other people’s ideas. We gave a number of the good known reasons for this before:
To demonstrate respect for other people’s ideas and work
To clearly identify information coming from another source
To differentiate an source that is external your interpretation or your own personal findings
To support your own arguments, thus giving you more credibility
To demonstrate evidence of wide (and understood) reading